He visits a doctor who tells him that his “godiva gland” has been damaged, and he can no longer produce … Suppose someone says that suffering only matters to something with some sort of capabilities such as linguistic ability, … it gives him a compound that enhances his gustatory pleasure. The most entertaining intro to animal ethics. The only thing stopping us from immediately putting the case for obligatory veganism on the no fly list is the Argument from Marginal Cases, which vegans desperately call in to mop up all their philosophical messes. In Norcross's essay ‘Puppies, pigs, and people: eating meat and marginal cases’ he claims that we should not eat farm factory meat since it is not worth our own gustatory pleasure. Justifies using some humans (marginal cases) for food and animal experiments Responses to the argument from marginal cases: 1. An ESL has a welfare that has importance to it, wants and prefers things, believes and feels things, recalls and expects things, has ends of its own. 4 He also argues that Fred's gustatory pleasure does not outweigh the suffering of the puppies, and the same for factory-farmed meat (Norcross, 2004 Norcross, A. As such, the term is not derogatory. Article [PDF] Close. He seems to recover just fine until he discovers that he can no longer enjoy the taste of chocolate. This paper has strived to show that it is hard to deny the fact that eating factory-sourced meat and the torturing of puppies for gustatory pleasure are morally equivalent… puppies, pigs, and people: eating meat and marginal cases Alastair Norcross Rice University 1. Fred’s Basement Consider the story of Fred, who receives a visit from the police one day. b. In 2007, he transferred to University of Colorado at Boulder from Rice University, where he had been since 2002, after teaching for ten years at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, where he was the Easterwood Associate Professor of … All of the above correct … The argument from marginal cases (also known as the argument from species overlap) is a philosophical argument within animal rights theory regarding the moral status of non-human animals. Match. This, ... Norcross puts the point nicely, “That animals can’t be moral agents does not seem relevant to their status as moral patients.” I think he is fundamentally correct in this, thus the modus ponens argument succeeds and eating factory farmed meat is morally wrong. In his paper, ‘Puppies, pigs, and people: Eating meat and marginal cases,’ Alastair Norcross argues that causal impotence arguments like these are misguided. d. Agribusiness is too large to respond to the behavior of one consumer. There is no mechanical algorithm … a. What widespread practice does Norcross argue is morally equivalent to Fred's torture of puppies? Alastair Norcross is an associate professor of philosophy at the University of Colorado at Boulder, specializing in normative ethics, applied ethics, and political philosophy. […] ,��Ш.��۲�9n��-�^LϢ X Direct download . eating and torturing something seems incapable of moral reason. This talk is part of 2005-2006 Colloquia – Animals and Humans Event sponsored by Scientia Institute, Rice University. Animal Abuse In Factory Farming 1096 Words | 5 Pages. Alastair Norcross - "Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases". All moral agents are moral patients, but not all moral patients are moral agents. morally speaking. Alastair Norcross, “Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases” Overview of the Article: You will be providing your reader with an overview of the issue that your author is addressing. The Argument from Marginal Cases is rooted in the idea that certain human beings are “marginal,” in that they are considered lesser, in their abilities or in their value, than other humans. To avoid this consequence Norcross then argues from the problem of marginal cases. Factory farm produced meat is objectionable because of the suffering that animals undergo in order to produce large amounts of meat efficiently. Norcross graduated from Oxford University in 1983 and earned his Ph.D. at Syracuse University in 1991 under the supervision of Jonathan Bennett. Alastair Norcross: Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases. Fred loves chocolate mousse but because of a recent accident he no longer produces cocoamone and therefore can no … List of philosophical publications by Alastair Norcross (University of Colorado, Boulder), including "Puppies, pigs, and people: Eating meat and marginal cases", "“The Scalar Approach to Utilitarianism”", and "The Impotence of the Causal Impotence Objection". :���2?��n���w�#i������|��6�z]��;�!q�j� ���5�f�G���Ϲ2�pH��D`�1i��\�1�"�=��0�AVdaN�$�W��b�5�O{W�v-��^� �ސ �$�cQ�].�{�R1-v�fݘ�H����^���i^ح��R���_�/bB�=��"ԧ�g��R�����F^r8rf��������E�T]!��������W�`׮�U56��7��%=��b�i�H0`�N�����!9�X�J5��, �gX��­[��3��*!�0�P� b�cD�t�^7����F�b�ތf%\���`�����xYve?߁rQIb�V�Ͷ �-���7fK+h-*uTyz;9�a6�`wk�AY���S�V��b)�Ю��,��Ob0ı��fCo�7������e�� �n��v��D@�Bf�:�i)Lsِ�Y·�$�LE1� 0G�%E���.�vk�t�!��=i~�,�P��~����X��]$��i61�����D0Q���|9�c�,@F����F�i�i> d��s9q~���4!�ׇ�l�l /�?��D�(Ifai�H��M��\ʕ��!�yq�ޛ��_0'4��Fa��H����s���A���ےf+6�8����g>v��&ù�6�t�:���;�H\ᓡv5���8=k,H;EWN 0ќ�褱�e��]�]�2 ��cP'5( 8. Bookmark 64 citations 28 . 2 Ibid. �}�o�$1���F��l׺Y�ͯ������lB�.A:~����kAv �Ѧ�! We are justified in attributing a different moral status to animals who are just as cognitively sophisticated as marginal humans. First, he presents an analogous situation, the case of chocolate mousse a-la-bama , (...)) Environmental Philosophy in Philosophy of Biology. At the heart of the AMC is the comparability of individuals like Cog and Chimp. Humans are superior to animals because they are created in God's image. Because we don't have an emotional attachment to many fellow humans, b. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. How does Norcross use marginal cases to critique the traditional view there are marginal cases such as babies and the mentally challenged. Test. He is a defender of utilitarianism. Posted by. What does Norcross mean by marginal cases. What trait did Aristotle believe grants humans higher moral status than animals? Extract of sample "Puppies, Pigs, and People eating meat and marginal cases" Download file to see previous pages In his creative and provocative paper Norcross contends that there is no need for humans to continue consuming factory-farmed meat. Fred’s Basement Consider the story of Fred, who receives a visit from the police one day. Norcross' paper, "Puppies, Pigs, and People" begins with the story of Fred, who… This is because there is no setguidelines that clearly separate all humans from all animals. d. Nothing can be both a moral agent and a moral patient. Scientists are often challenged with the so-called marginal case argument. We are evolved to be this way. This involves more than just sentience, in Singer’s sense of the ability to feel, but requires some cognitive sophistication. What does Norcross mean by marginal cases. there are marginal cases such as babies and the mentally challenged. All moral patients are moral agents, but not all moral agents are moral patients. Philosophical Perspectives, 18: 229 – 245. , [Google Scholar], p. 230–231). Vegetarianism in Applied Ethics. In Norcross's opening story, Fred tortures puppies because. )�=���zaԿ�*n���@{`/J��� �~�c����-GeRF��մ_��l�zʂ�����1ԦZ�~ޠ�V�o�b��ho��7����t"L��݇_ͬ�W �w�~!N2j���n��a?�5sq[��i�����Hqڵ_j�M���*�ú�!v���*.2�h8V��\4�Λ�ym2YL�4�Mc�-�v��JKE An individual who consistently acts morally, b. %PDF-1.3 Taylor, I think "marginal cases" means "at the margins," in just the way my diagram suggests. 3 Niemi, Jari. Alan Dershowitz: Should the Ticking Bomb Terrorist Be Tortured? Moral Status of Animals in Applied Ethics. Φ. When they enter the basement Learn more. correct incorrect. Learn. To avoid this consequence Norcross then argues from the problem of marginal cases. They have been summoned by Fred’s neighbors, who have been disturbed by strange sounds emanating from Fred’s basement. Lecture Notes. c. All moral agents are moral patients, and all moral patients are moral agents. STUDY. Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases by Alastair Norcross. The term is "marginal cases", not "marginal people". 5 years ago. �E��=�>��H��2E.X�ʊ̸_2�~����K?T�N��~9�F�2돲��m���u�������owY�n�������d��>����"+�tZNz�U�����`:�G1.����*��F �꿘��޼����(ʡ��V?�/�bҿz����n�z��t�'?|��ҨW/߾a`�׿������.�BZ`���o���ꭑ我a�a{�_��]�/���bT�r2��jr���4�X����7߿d}y��;[_տ���_����M�b�}U� �_.�ݾ^l�8E���v;ۊ�"j��}��.�A6���t�/��`2��� �����i1��aM����z����-��=vU��βL�2��i5��X���X��2��hܻ�&n���V+N��~. Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases @article{Norcross2004PuppiesPA, title={Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases}, author={A. Norcross}, journal={Philosophical Perspectives}, year={2004}, volume={18}, pages={229-245} } A. Norcross; Published 2004; Art; Philosophical Perspectives; Consider the story of Fred, who receives a visit … What does Norcross think is the relationship between being a moral agent and being a moral patient? correct incorrect. Speciesism in Applied Ethics. The argument from marginal cases claims that you can't both think that humans matter morally and that animals don't, because no reasonable set of criteria for moral worth cleanly separates all … The most entertaining intro to animal ethics. 7) What evolutionary argument might someone make against Norcross and how does he respond? 2004. This should involve maybe one to three paragraphs (or so)—it depends upon the article, your approach to the article, and your prose style. Shareable Link. In his paper, ‘Puppies, pigs, and people: Eating meat and marginal cases,’ Alastair Norcross argues that causal impotence arguments like these are misguided. a. In his essay, ‘Puppies, pigs, and people: Eating meat and marginal cases’, Norcross (2004) argues that one should cease to eat meat produced by factory farms. There are pragmatic reasons for treating marginal humans as if they had moral status equal to non-marginal humans. This, well known argument attempts to show that animals have a moral relevant status as moral patients in a similar way that certain humans are moral patients but not moral agents. When they enter the basement they are confronted by the following scene: Twenty-six small wire cages, each containing a puppy, some whining, some whimpering, some howling. Such as (only use “such as” if you are continuing the sentence, but not to start a new sentence.) Since no one is in the … Peter Singer: The Singer Solution to World Poverty, James Rachels: The Morality of Euthanasia, Michael Walzer: Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses. 1 Norcross, Alastair. For example, humans with mental or physical disabilities (and in some cases even infants), within the argument from marginal cases, are considered less valuable than the humans without these … Gravity. Which of the following responses to the argument from marginal cases does Norcross not consider? x���vG���x d. Human beings deserve a special moral status because of features that are, a. Some people don't know about the treatment of animals on factory farms. a. Puppies, Pigs and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases by Alastair J Norcross - Duration: 1:34:22. Of … Export citation . … c. We are justified in treating marginal humans just as we treat factory-farmed animals. Puppies, pigs, and people: Eating meat and marginal cases. In his paper, ‘Puppies, pigs, and people: Eating meat and marginal cases,’ Alastair Norcross argues that causal impotence arguments like these are misguided. Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases. a. Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases By Alastair Norcross Alastair Norcross starts his essay with an example of Fred, a cocoamone depleted man, who tortures and slaughters puppies for their hormones for personal pleasure. ... As for marginal cases, it is certainly true that, at least in America, the severely mentally handicapped are not provided full rights and privileges afforded an able-minded citizen. A: The argument for marginal cases claims that someone can’t think that both humans matter morally and animals do not. In Alastair Norcross’ paper, “Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases” he describes a situation in which a man, Fred, has lost his ability to enjoy the gustatory pleasure of chocolate due to a car accident. … Norcross: evolutionary adaptations should … b. Wiley Online Library This is because there is no set guidelines that clearly separate all humans from all animals. The Argument By Analogy: Alastair Norcross asks us to consider the following case: Fred and the Puppies Fred has an auto accident. Taylor miller and dylan williams Fred's Basement Conclusion Norcross brings up an example about men and women and says, what if there was statistically relevant differences in the mental abilities between men and women, would such differences justify us preferring a man that's Because we also have an emotional attachment to many animals, c. Because what outrages human sensibilities is a very fragile thing, d. Because our emotional attachment to fellow human beings is irrational. b. In his paper, ‘Puppies, pigs, and people: Eating meat and marginal cases,’ Alastair Norcross argues that causal impotence arguments like these are misguided. Which of the following objections does Norcross. (Norcross, 2008) He states that there is an issue with stating that marginal cases may not be treated as animals are because the presence or lack of the feature in any particular case is not important; it is whether or not that species is meant to have that feature. With regard to intelligence, Einstein was also a marginal case, though on the other margin. (Norcross, 2008) The issue with this is that a “natural” feature of a species is purely accidental to … P.235. This paper is a discussion of two arguments based on the article, “Puppies, Pigs and People eating meat and marginal cases”. The most entertaining intro to animal ethics. However, it is known that puppies under duress produce cocoamone, the hormone Fred needs in order to enjoy chocolate again. Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal Cases By Alastair Norcross Alastair Norcross starts his essay with an example of Fred, a cocoamone depleted man, who tortures and slaughters puppies for their hormones for personal pleasure. Flashcards. For 26 weeks, he performed a series of mutilations on them, without anesthesia, and then, at the end of it, he brutally ended their lives. Alastair Norcross (in Puppies, pigs and People) uses Fred and factory farmed meat, the rationality gambit, and the problem of marginal cases to prove that, no, farm animals are not morally inferior to you or I, and yes, boycotting these large industries will make a difference. The argument from marginal cases does not preclude animal research as Animal Rights activists suggest, but it does show very powerfully the seriousness of animal suffering. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (16) Fred's Basement:-the case of Fred-argument by analogy-His basement His head trauma-The only way to satisfy his love for chocolate is to torture and … In the article "Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal cases" by Alastair Norcross, he mainly argued that factory-farmed meat is morally wrong and that people who support it (including those consuming factory-farmed meat) are also morally wrong.The only point I'm interested in, is that he argued that the pain caused to these factory-farmed animals grossly … Which of the following responses to the argument from marginal cases does Norcross not consider? Ethics and Marginal Cases: The Rights of the Mentally … There are pragmatic reasons for treating marginal humans as if they had moral status equal to non-marginal humans. "denies that we have to attribute different moral status to marginal humans...." -Norcross' responses to this objection A brief discussion of Norcross's essay. Marginal cases involve whatever kind and level of rationality that is selected by justifying the attribution of superior moral status to ... (Norcross, p. 231) I shall now explain the support for Norcross’ premises. Why does Norcross think that our emotional attachment to fellow humans cannot justify treating marginal human beings differently from some animals? Export citation . In the article " Puppies, Pigs, and People: Eating Meat and Marginal cases " by Alastair Norcross, he mainly argued that factory-farmed meat is morally wrong and that people who support it (including those consuming factory-farmed meat) are also morally wrong. Marginal cases pose a significant challenge to this view “Whatever kind of rationality is selected as justifying the attribution of superior moral status to humans will either be lacking in some humans or present in some animals” (Norcross, 316) The argument from marginal cases: Since there is so much needless suffering associated with factory farming, … Direct download . The Problem of Marginal Cases The Problem of Marginal Cases Whatever kind and level of rationality that is required for full moral status that excludes animals, there will be some humans who fail to have that status. 1 Norcross Against Factory-Farming 1. Cog is at the margin of the human spectrum. ��&q*��BU�5�����j�Н9�$��p>%_���+�X�u�Ն��:���p�9~�Y.-. How does Norcross use marginal cases to critique the traditional view. Fine until he discovers that he can no longer enjoy the taste of chocolate by strange sounds emanating from ’! Is morally equivalent to Fred 's torture of Puppies challenge to … Shareable.! 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